March-3 :-Today-in-History

Today in History - March 3
From Martin Kelly,
Your Guide to American History.
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1931 - "The Star Spangled Banner" was adopted as the National Anthem

1959 - Alaska was admitted as the 49th state
1831 - George Pullman

1847 - Alexander Graham Bell
March 3, 2005 Steve Fossett flys the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer to a world record by completing the first non-stop, non-refueled, solo flight around the world
March 3, 2005 Garry Kasparov retires professionally from chess
March 3, 2002 Earthquake kills at least 150 100 miles north of Kabul, Afghanistan
March 3, 1998 Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee
March 3, 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fayetteville North Carolina on WRCQ 103.5 FM
March 3, 1996 26th Easter Seal Telethon
March 3, 1996 Auckland beat Wellington by 9 wickets to win Shell Trophy Final
March 3, 1995 Camilla Parker Bowles and her husband Andrew divorce
March 3, 1994 "Damn Yankees" opens at Marquis Theater New York City for 510 performances
March 3, 1994 "Philoktetes Variations," with Ron Vawter, premieres in Brussels
March 3, 1994 IRS investigates Darryl Strawberry
March 3, 1993 Howard Stern radio show premieres in Boston (WBCN 104.1 FM-evenings)
March 3, 1992 Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak Turkey, 100s die
March 3, 1992 Mike Bossy's #22 is 2nd # retired by New York Islanders
March 3, 1992 Charges are filed in Florida against New York Mets Darryl Boston, Vince Coleman and Dwight Gooden of rape (dropped in April)
March 3, 1991 "Big Love" opens at Plymouth Theater New York City for 41 performances
March 3, 1991 25 die as United Airlines Boeing 737 crashes in Colorado Springs
March 3, 1991 Boon completes 10th Test Cricket century, 109* vs. WI at Kingston
March 3, 1991 Iraqi generals and Gen Schwarzkopf meet to discuss cease fire
March 3, 1991 Four Los Angeles Police severly beat Rodney King, captured on amateur video
March 3, 1991 Latvia and Estonia vote to become independent of the U.S.S.R.
March 3, 1991 Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (22.24 sec)
March 3, 1991 Miguel Trovoada installed as president of Sao Tome e Principal
March 3, 1991 Switzerland votes on lowering voting age from 20 to 18
March 3, 1991 United Airlines crashes near Colorado Springs, kills 25
March 3, 1990 Carole Gist, 20, (Michigan 1st black), crowned 39th Miss USA
March 3, 1989 Machinists strike Eastern Airlines; pilots honor picket lines
March 3, 1989 Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, 2 years probation for Iran-Contra
March 3, 1987 Ray Dandridge, 3rd baseman in Negro Leagues, eleected to Hall of Fame
March 3, 1985 "Moonlighting" with Cybill Shepard and Bruce Willis, premieres
March 3, 1985 "My One and Only" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 767 performances
March 3, 1985 Betsy King wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic
March 3, 1985 Bill (Willie) Shoemaker is 1st jockey to surpass $100 million
March 3, 1985 National Union of Mine Workers in England end a 51 week strike
March 3, 1984 New York Islanders score their most goals (11) vs Tor Maple Leafs (6)
March 3, 1984 Peter Ueberroth elected baseball commissioner (Effective Oct 1)
March 3, 1982 Senate begins debate on expulsion of Sen Harrison Williams (D-NJ)
March 3, 1981 Isle's Mike Bossy 9th and final hat trick of season-4 goals
March 3, 1981 New York Islanders and Edmonton Oilers play to an 8-8 tie
March 3, 1980 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
March 3, 1978 1st day of Test cricket for Desmond Haynes (WI vs. Australia)
March 3, 1978 Charles Chaplin's remains are stolen in Switzerland
March 3, 1977 Ice Pairs Champs at Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (URS)
March 3, 1977 Islanders allow Red Wings only 11 shots on goal
March 3, 1977 Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
March 3, 1977 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (U.S.S.R.)
March 3, 1977 Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Tokyo won by Linda Fratianne (USA)
March 3, 1976 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
March 3, 1975 "Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 104 performances
March 3, 1975 Linda McCartney is charged in U.S. with possession of marijuana
March 3, 1974 "Sextet" opens at Bijou Theater New York City for 9 performances
March 3, 1974 Despite Billy Harris' hat trick Islanders lose 3-4
March 3, 1974 George Foreman KOs Ken Norton
March 3, 1974 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
March 3, 1974 World's worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris (346 die)
March 3, 1973 "Shelter" closes at John Golden Theater New York City after 31 performances
March 3, 1973 White Sox Dick Allen signs 3 year contract for record $750,000
March 3, 1972 Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia
March 3, 1971 South African Broadcasting lifts its ban on the Beatles
March 3, 1971 Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa
March 3, 1969 Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)
March 3, 1968 "Here's Where I Belong" opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater New York City
March 3, 1968 Greece, Portugal and Spain's embassies bombed in the Hague
March 3, 1968 Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts
March 3, 1967 Grenada gains partial independence from Britain
March 3, 1967 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
March 3, 1967 White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game)
March 3, 1966 Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al)
March 3, 1966 James Goldman's "Lion in Winter," premieres in New York City
March 3, 1966 Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guinee
March 3, 1966 Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms
March 3, 1966 Twister hits Jackson, Mississippi; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die
March 3, 1966 WRFT (now WVFT) TV channel 27 in Roanoke, Virginia (IND) begins broadcasting
March 3, 1965 Temptations' "My Girl" reaches #1
March 3, 1965 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
March 3, 1965 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk U.S.S.R.
March 3, 1963 Senegal adopts constitution
March 3, 1962 British Antarctic Territory forms
March 3, 1961 King Hassan II's ascends to throne of Morocco
March 3, 1960 9th largest snowfall in New York City history, 14.5"
March 3, 1959 1st U.S. probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
March 3, 1959 British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
March 3, 1959 San Francisco Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park
March 3, 1958 KTVU TV channel 2 in Oakland-San Francisco, California (IND) 1st broadcast
March 3, 1958 Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
March 3, 1957 Corry Brokken wins Eurovision Song festival with "Just as then"
March 3, 1957 Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Springs won by Markham and Jones (GRB)
March 3, 1957 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner and Paul (CAN)
March 3, 1957 Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins (USA)
March 3, 1957 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
March 3, 1957 Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss (U.S.)
March 3, 1956 Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2)
March 3, 1956 Indonesian government of Harahap resigns
March 3, 1956 Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
March 3, 1956 Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
March 3, 1955 Elvis Presley made his 1st TV appearance
March 3, 1953 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
March 3, 1953 Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St. Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
March 3, 1952 Puerto Rico approves their 1st self written constitution
March 3, 1951 Bill Mlkvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 pts
March 3, 1950 3 months as National-American Football League takes back NFL name
March 3, 1946 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
March 3, 1946 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
March 3, 1945 Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarters
March 3, 1945 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
March 3, 1945 Roermond/Venlo Neth, freed
March 3, 1945 U.S. and Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
March 3, 1945 U.S. 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
March 3, 1944 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony
March 3, 1943 Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
March 3, 1943 F Ryerson and Cohn Claues' "Harriet," premieres in New York City
March 3, 1943 U.S. defeats Japan and wins Battle of Bismark Sea
March 3, 1942 1st combat flight for Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane
March 3, 1941 Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Goring in Berlin
March 3, 1940 Artie Shaw records "Frenesi" on RCA Victor label
March 3, 1938 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
March 3, 1937 Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
March 3, 1936 Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test vs. South Africa
March 3, 1935 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
March 3, 1934 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol
March 3, 1933 German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
March 3, 1933 Mount Rushmore dedicated
March 3, 1933 New York City premiere of "King Kong"
March 3, 1931 "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes U.S. national anthem
March 3, 1931 Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
March 3, 1926 International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Florida)
March 3, 1924 German and Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
March 3, 1924 Sean O'Casey's "Juno and the Paycock," premieres in Dublin
March 3, 1923 U.S. Senate rejects membership in International Court of Justice, The Hague
March 3, 1922 Italian fascists occupy Fiume and Rijeka
March 3, 1922 WWJ-AM in Detroit Michigan begins radio transmissions
March 3, 1921 Toronto's Dr. Banting and Dr. Best announce discovery of insulin
March 3, 1920 Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
March 3, 1919 1st international air mail service from U.S., Seattle-Victoria, British Columbia
March 3, 1919 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
March 3, 1918 Richard Goring's "Seeschlacht," premieres in Berlin
March 3, 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria and Russia sign
March 3, 1917 Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
March 3, 1917 Great monarch Michael resigns after 1 day as czar
March 3, 1917 Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates (OS)
March 3, 1915 Natl Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created
March 3, 1913 Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington D.C.
March 3, 1911 1st U.S. federal cemetery with Union and Rebel graves opens, Missouri
March 3, 1909 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3
March 3, 1906 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
March 3, 1905 U.S. Forest Service forms
March 3, 1903 North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
March 3, 1901 Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
March 3, 1900 U.S. Steel Corporation organizes
March 3, 1899 Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
March 3, 1899 George Dewey becomes 1st in U.S. with rank of Admiral of the Navy
March 3, 1894 1st Greek-language publication in U.S. begins, "NY Atlantis"
March 3, 1894 4th and last British government of Gladstone resigns
March 3, 1893 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
March 3, 1893 Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
March 3, 1892 1st cattle tuberculosis test in U.S. made, Villa Nova, Penn
March 3, 1891 Congress creates U.S. Courts of Appeal
March 3, 1891 Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Department) created
March 3, 1887 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
March 3, 1887 Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller
March 3, 1885 1st U.S. state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
March 3, 1885 American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
March 3, 1885 Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of fed government)
March 3, 1885 U.S. Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
March 3, 1883 Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in U.S. navy
March 3, 1882 New York Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
March 3, 1879 1st female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
March 3, 1879 U.S. Geological Survey director authorized in Department of the Interior
March 3, 1878 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
March 3, 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th president
March 3, 1875 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
March 3, 1875 Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
March 3, 1875 Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
March 3, 1873 Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
March 3, 1873 U.S. Congress and government raise own salary, retroactively
March 3, 1871 Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
March 3, 1871 Congress establishes the civil service system
March 3, 1869 University of South Carolina opens to all races
March 3, 1865 Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands established
March 3, 1865 Freedmen's Bureau is created to help destitute free blacks
March 3, 1863 1st U.S. wartime military conscription bill enacted
March 3, 1863 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
March 3, 1863 Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at Carson City, Nevada
March 3, 1863 Federal ironclad ships bomb Fort McAllister Georgia
March 3, 1863 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
March 3, 1863 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress
March 3, 1863 Idaho Territory forms
March 3, 1863 Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
March 3, 1862 Battle of New Madrid MO-captured by Union forces
March 3, 1862 General Pope lays siege in front of New Madrid
March 3, 1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom
March 3, 1855 Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
March 3, 1855 Congress authorizes registered mail
March 3, 1853 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
March 3, 1853 U.S. Assay Office in New York City authorized
March 3, 1851 Congress authorizes smallest U.S. silver coin (3 cent piece)
March 3, 1849 Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
March 3, 1849 Home Department (Interior Department), forms
March 3, 1849 Minnesota Territory is organizes
March 3, 1849 Territory of Minnesota organizes
March 3, 1849 US Department of the Interior established by Congress
March 3, 1847 Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
March 3, 1845 1st time, U.S. Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
March 3, 1845 Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
March 3, 1845 Florida becomes 27th state
March 3, 1843 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
March 3, 1842 1st U.S. child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
March 3, 1842 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
March 3, 1838 Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
March 3, 1837 Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
March 3, 1837 US president Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
March 3, 1835 Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at New Orleans Louisiana
March 3, 1820 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
March 3, 1817 Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory and Mississippi
March 3, 1815 US declares war on Algiers for taking U.S. prisoners and demanding tribute
March 3, 1813 Office of surgeon general of the U.S. Army forms
March 3, 1812 U.S. passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
March 3, 1805 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
March 3, 1803 1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
March 3, 1801 1st U.S. Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
March 3, 1794 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
March 3, 1794 Richard Allen founded AME Church
March 3, 1791 1st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits and carriages)
March 3, 1791 Congress establishes U.S. Mint
March 3, 1776 US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
March 3, 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
March 3, 1638 Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
March 3, 1634 1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
March 3, 1627 Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
March 3, 1431 Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV
March 3, 1409 Austrian civil war ends
March 3, 493 Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
March 3, 468 St. Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
March 3, 78 Origin of Saka Era (India)


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